Cesarean births not linked to increased risk of food allergy during infancy

food allergy

Cesarean births are not linked to an increased risk of food allergy during the first year of life, according to a new study. The research, led by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI) and published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, found cesarean delivery, either with or without labor, or elective […]

Childhood circumstances and personality traits are associated with loneliness in older age

loneliness

Life circumstances during childhood—including having fewer friends and siblings, low-quality relationships with parents, bad health and growing up in a poorer household—are all correlated with a higher rate of loneliness in older age, according to a new study published this week in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Sophie Guthmuller of Vienna University of Economics […]

‘Natural immunity’ from omicron is weak and limited, study finds

omicron

In unvaccinated people, infection with the omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 provides little long-term immunity against other variants, according to a new study by researchers at Gladstone Institutes and UC San Francisco (UCSF), published today in the journal Nature. In experiments using mice and blood samples from donors who were infected with omicron, the team found […]

Scientists devise method to prevent deadly hospital infections without antibiotics

infection

A hospital or medical clinic might be the last place you’d expect to pick up a nasty infection, but approximately 1.7 million Americans do each year, resulting in nearly 100,000 deaths from infection related complications and roughly $30 billion in direct medical costs. The biggest culprits, experts say—accounting for two-thirds of these infections—are medical devices […]

Diet plays key role in ADHD symptoms in children

ADHD

Here’s a good reason for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to eat their fruits and vegetables: It may help reduce inattention issues, a new study suggests. As part of a larger study, researchers asked parents of 134 kids with ADHD symptoms to complete a detailed questionnaire about the typical foods the children ate, […]

How cranberries could improve memory and ward off dementia

dementia

Adding cranberries to your diet could help improve memory and brain function, and lower ‘bad’ cholesterol—according to new research from the University of East Anglia (UK). A new study published today highlights the neuroprotective potential of cranberries. The research team studied the benefits of consuming the equivalent of a cup of cranberries a day among […]

Scientists develop ‘off the shelf’ engineered stem cells to treat aggressive brain cancer

cancer

Glioblastomas (GBMs) are highly aggressive cancerous tumors of the brain and spinal cord. Brain cancers like GBM are challenging to treat because many cancer therapeutics cannot pass through the blood-brain barrier, and more than 90 percent of GBM tumors return after being surgically removed, despite surgery and subsequent chemo- and radiation therapy being the most […]

Neuroscientists find brain mechanism tied to age-related memory loss

memory loss

Working with rats, neuroscientists at Johns Hopkins University have pinpointed a mechanism in the brain responsible for a common type of age-related memory loss. The work, published today in Current Biology, sheds light on the workings of aging brains and may deepen our understanding of Alzheimer’s disease and similar disorders in humans. “We’re trying to […]

New clues in fight against lethal bacteria

bacteria

New research from The Australian National University (ANU) could lead to better treatment options for a rare but very lethal type of bacterial infection. Professor Si Ming Man and his team say their latest research focuses on the family of bacteria that causes things like gangrene, sepsis and tetanus. “While we understand a select few […]

Identifying DNA repair genes holds promise for improving cancer treatment

DNA

A new way in which cancer cells can repair DNA damage has been discovered by researchers at the University of Birmingham. These new findings shed new light on how cancer cells react to chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and also uncover a new way in which cancer can become resistant to targeted treatments. These insights may help […]